Rallis India Limited

 

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House Hold Products

It is a new generation Termiticide that contains Imidaclorpid 30.5% SC. It is a systemic insecticide for control of termites in buildings, which can be, used both for pre and post construction treatment. It is first non-repellent liquid Termiticide with a unique mode of action to control even toughest subterranean termite infestations through a process called "Lateral Soil Movement". Lateral Soil Movement ensures no contamination of underground water.

Packs: 50ml, 250 ml, 1 litre & 5 litres.


Brochure


Termex is a new generation Insecticide for Termite control that contains Imidacloprid 30.5% SC as the active ingredient. It is a systemic and contact insecticide for the control of Termites in buildings, which can be, used both for pre and post construction treatments. It is indigenously developed, manufactured and marketed by Rallis India Limited.

  • A derivative from Imidaclopid. the latest and fastest growing molecule with lethal action on termites

  • Indigenously developed, manufactured & marketed by Rallis, a trusted name in Pesticides for the last 5 decades.

  • A non-repellent systematic & contact insecticide.

  • Depending on soil moisture, spreads in all directions by a process called 'Latest Soil Movement', ensuring thorough soil coverage with no gaps.

  • A water based formulation and has no volatile solvents. Offers long duration of control.

  • No smell. pollution or contamination of underground/well water. Completely safe, having low toxicity towards people & pets

  • Ensures nil or minimal re-treatments (<1.0%) during the first five years if treatment is carried out as per recommendations.

  • Approved by CIB.

  • Creates a 'Non Detectable Treated Zone' which acts as 'killing field'.

  • Acts on the Acetyl Choline, binding sites in the receptor cells leading to lasting impairment.

  • Exposed termites stop feeding and consequently die.

  • 2.1 ml per 1L of water or

  • 1L ready solution per 475L of water

The treatment should be done with the help of Hand Knapsack sprayer or Foot sprayer.

Termex can be used both in Pre and Post construction Treatment. Treatment should be as per IS 6313 (Part 2): 2001 and IS 6313 (Part 3): 2001 for Pre-Construction chemical treatment and for Post-Construction chemical treatment as under:

Stage I - Masonry Foundation & Basements

The bottom surface and the sides of foundation pits upto a height of about 30 cm should be treated @ 5 L/sq.m area with the help of TermeX ready solution.

Stage 2 - Refill Earth

The backfill earth in immediate contact with the foundation structure should be treated @ 7.5 L of TermeX ready solution per square meter of the vertical surface of the sub-structure for each side.

Stage 3 - Under Slab

Before laying the slab on the floor the top of the consolidated earth should be treated with TermeX ready solution @5L/sq.m. The treated soil must not be disturbed between the time of application and laying of slab on the floor.
If the filled earth has been well rammed and the surface does not allow the termiticide solution to seep through, holes upto 5-7.5 cm deep & 12 mm diameter at 15cm intervals to be made for facilitating saturation of the soil with the chemical.

Stage 4 - External Perimeter

If the refill earth was not treated, the earth along the external perimeter of the building after completion should be rodded at 15cm interval to a depth of 30 cm to expose the foundation wall surface. TermeX ready solution should be poured along the wall @ 7.5 L/sq.m of the vertical surface and the earth tamped back into place.

Stage 5 - RCC Foundation & Basements

The concrete is hard, which the termites are unable to penetrate. Excavations in this case should start at a depth of 50 cm below the ground level.
If the ground level is raised or lowered by filling or cutting after the foundations have been cast, the depth of 50 cm shall be determined from the new soil level. The soil in immediate contact with the vertical surfaces of RCC foundations should be treated @7.5 L/sq.m of TermeX ready solution.

Destruction of termite mounds:

Termite mounds are to be located in and around construction sites. These mounds should be cut open and TermeX ready solution @ 20 L/mound poured into them.

External perimeter/along outside of foundations:

The soil in contact with the external wall of the building should be treated with TermeX ready solution @ 7.5 L/sq.m of the vertical surface of the sub structure to the depth of 30cm. A shallow channel can be excavated along and close to the wall and rodding with 12mm diameter mild steel rods at 15 cm interval to a depth of 30 cm can be done for uniform dispersal of the chemical.

Prevent entry of termites from cracks:

The soil under the floor should be treated and 12mm holes drilled at 30 cm interval, at the junction of floor and wall upto the depth of 30cm. TermeX ready solution should be applied into these holes using a hand operated ressure pump @1L per hole and sealed subsequently after the treatment.

Restricting movement of termites through masonry walls:

This is done by drilling 12mm holes at 30 cm intervals in masonry wall at plinth level at about 450o angle on both the sides of the wall. TermeX ready solution @1L per hole should be applied and the holes sealed subsequently. This treatment can also be extended to internal walls having foundations in the soil.

Characteristics

Termex

Chlorpyriphos

Dosage

Low Dosage: 2.1 ml/L of water

High Dosage: 50 EC 50ml/L of water

Treatment Barrier

Non-detectable treatment barrier

Detectable treatment barrier

Odour

Odourless

Has Odour

Mode of Action

Lethal and Kills Termites

Repels Termites

Safe Solvent

Water-based formulation having no volatile solvent

Contains hazardous solvents

Coverage

Lateral Soil Movement ensures thorough soil coverage, leaving no gaps

Consistent and uniform application required to avoid gaps

Groundwater Pollution

Lateral Soil Movement also ensures no contamination of underground/well water

Because of vertical soil movement chemical contaminates underground/well water

Re-treatment Cost Re-treatment cost is almost 1/4th that of conventional termiticides Re-treatment cost is much higher

Handle the chemical with all the due precautions which are as given below

  • Avoid contact with skin, eyes 8 mouth and use protective clothes, face masks and gloves at the time of spray.

  • Avoid inhalation of the spray mist. Spray in the direction of wind.

  • While spraying in kitchen, all the food articles have to be removed.

  • Avoid smoking, drinking, chewing 8 eating during spray operations.

  • Avoid the chemical from the reach of children & pets.

  • Termex should be stored in a separate rooms or premises, away from the rooms or premises used for storing other articles or shall be kept in separate almirahs under lock and key.

R&D Interacts


What is TERMEX 350 SC ?

TERMEX 350 SC is a new generation termiticide for protecting buildings and homes from termite attack. TERMEX 350 SC with a powerful active substance in its formulation offers customers one of the superior performance and reliable brands for termite control in India. It is manufactured and marketed by Rallis India Limited

TERMEX is a 30.5% w/w (350 g w/v) suspension concentrate formulation of chloronicotinyl insecticide, Imidacloprid.

  • Termites, otherwise known as "white ants" can wreck havoc if not detected and / or controlled on time either by preventive or corrective measures.

  • Studies have shown that termites survive well in soils with adequate moisture and risk of subterranean termite infestation is high in warm temperate climates. They build a central colony nest from which they build radiating underground tunnels and go in search of food source.

  • Survey has shown that subterranean termites are a highly destructive timber pest, causing major structural timber damage to domestic and commercial buildings. Termites are known to destroy the wall and roofing timbers of a home within 3 months of construction.

  • Termites eat through the centre of susceptible timbers leaving nothing but a thin veneer of timber. Termites then pack mud in cracks and joints in timber to prevent loss of humidity and resultant dehydration.

Basically termite treatment is needed in four areas during construction

  • Treatment of the entire soil surface under any area to be covered with concrete, including garage floors, entrance platforms and filled porches.

  • Treatment with additional amounts of chemical to the soil beneath those areas that lie adjacent to foundation walls, beneath interior walls, around sewer and utility opening and at other possible points of entry.

  • Treatment of footings and backfill against outside foundation walls and inside walled areas where there is a crawl space.

  • Treatment of empty spaces or voids in concrete blocks or similar materials.

  • TERMEX 350 SC is a non-repellent Systemic Termiticide.

  • Is useful both as pre-construction and post-construction termiticide.

  • Is suitable for all complex conditions of treatment and ensures complete termite treatment in the present days' complex type of construction where different types of building materials are used.

  • Provides an effective treated zone at low rates of application and is also known to have a more area-wide effect on termite colonies instead of just at the area of application through "Lateral Soil Movement", spreading in all directions ensuring thorough soil coverage.

  • Has double action - at moderate to high exposure levels, kills termites on contact and in areas of lesser concentration, termites coming in contact stop grooming and feeding and finally die due to infection by the soil fungi.

  • It takes less a.i. to do the job - up to 23 times less than other termiticides like chlorpyriphos. Hence, it avoids loading the environment with the high quantities of insecticides.

  • Has long half-life in soils. Hence, the chemical remains active in soil for longer duration and continues to be effective at very low rates over a long period of time.

  • Ensures nil or minimal re-treatments (< 1.0%) in the first five years when treatment is carried out as per recommendations.

  • Ensures low re-treatment costs as re-treatment rate is almost one-fourth that of conventional termiticides.

  • Is a water-based formulation and has no volatile solvents.

  • Is odorless because the active ingredient, imidacloprid has no odor and does not create an unpleasant smell.

  • Has extremely low vapour pressure and there are no airborne vapours.

  • Has low toxicity toward people and pets.

  • TERMEX 350 SC with its unique chemistry makes it an effective, low-risk choice for termite control in India and provides total protection to buildings.

Termiticides generally are of two types

  • Repellent termiticides - with strong repellency action to deter foraging termites - these termiticides may not be a good choice because the foraging termites can randomly attack homes by finding a break in the defense barrier (e.g. cypermethrin, fenvalerate, permetrhin, etc.) and

  • Non-repellent termiticides - termites do not detect the presence of non-repellent termiticides and tunnel directly into the treated portion resulting in termite mortality (e.g. imidacloprid and fipronil).

    Chlorpyriphos appears to have an intermediate level of repellency. The wet termiticide may act as a repellent to subterranean termites through vapour action until it has had ample time to dry.

  • TERMEX 350 SC creates a non-detectable treated zone that functions as a "killing field" and not a repellent zone / barrier.

  • The active ingredient Imidacloprid in TERMEX 350 SC acts by interfering with the transmission of impulses in the nervous system. Imidacloprid works by attaching itself to specific Nicotinergic Receptors (ACh-binding sites) on nerve receptor in termites which leads to lasting impairment.

  • TERMEX 350 SC acts to kill termites in the higher concentration treated soil areas and termites that forage in the lower concentrated treated soil areas become disorientated, stop feeding and are fatally diseased by entomopathogenic micro-organisms in the soil.

  • TERMEX 350 SC allows the termites to continue to pass through the treated zone and the effects are transmitted to other termites in the area, resulting in colony contamination.

  • TERMEX 350 SC is recommended at 0.075% a.i. concentration i.e. 1.0 L of formulated product diluted in 475 L of water in all stages of treatment for pre - and post - construction termite treatment.

  • Treatment for Masonry Foundations and Basements: This treatment is for masonry foundations where there are void in the joints through which termites are able to seek entry into buildings. Treat bottom surface and the sides of the foundation pits / excavations up to a height of about 30 cm with 0.075% a.i. solution of TERMEX 350 SC @ 5 L / m2 of surface area.

  • Refill earth: After completing the masonry foundation, the backfill in immediate contact with the foundation structure is treated. Apply termiticide at the recommended concentration of 0.075% a.i. @ 7.5 L / m2 of the vertical surface of the sub-structure for each side. Treatment can be done as the backfill is being replaced or if this is not possible, treat the outside foundation soil after all grading is completed by digging a trench 15 cm wide and about 30 cm deep. The trench should angle towards the foundation. If the footing is more than 30 cm below the surface, the soil must be trenched or trenched and rodded to a minimum of 120 cm but not to exceed the footing. When the soil is replaced in the trench, it must also be treated. If water is used for ramming the earth fill, the chemical treatment can be carried out after the ramming operation is done by rodding the earth at 15 cm intervals close and parallel to the wall surface and spraying the chemical at the above dosage. After the treatment, the treated soil should be tamped in place.

  • Treatment Under slabs: Before laying the slab on the floor, the top of the consolidated earth should be treated with the 0.075% a.i. solution @ 5 L / m2. The treated soil must not be disturbed between the time of application and laying of slab on the floor. If the filled earth has been well rammed and the surface does not allow the termiticide solution to seep through, holes up to 5 to 7.5 cm deep, 12 mm diameter at 15 cm intervals may be made to facilitate saturation of the soil with the chemical.

  • Treatment of External perimeter / under the apron : If the refill earth was not treated, after the completion of building, the earth along the external perimeter of the building should be rodded at 15 cm interval to a depth of 30 cm to expose the foundation wall surface. TERMEX 350 SC (0.075% a.i.) solution should be poured along the wall @ 7.5 L / m2 of the vertical surface and the earth tamped back into place.

  • Treatment for RCC Foundations and Basement: In the case of RCC foundations, the concrete is dense being a 1:2:4 (cement:fine aggregates: coarse aggregates by volume) mix or richer, which the termites are unable to penetrate. Therefore, it is unnecessary to start the treatment from the bottom of excavations. The treatment shall start at a depth of 50 cm below the ground level except when such ground level is raised or lowered by filling or cutting after the foundations have been cast. In such cases, the depth of 50 cm shall be determined from the new soil level resulting from the filling or cutting mentioned above. The soil in immediate contact with the vertical surfaces of RCC foundations shall be treated at the rate of 7.5 L / m2. The other details are similar to the treatment of masonry foundation.

  • Inspection: Before undertaking any type of treatment, a thorough inspection should be made of the infestation in the building with a view to determine the extent of infestation and the routes of entry of termites into the building. Post-construction treatment is carried out in a thorough manner, to eliminate termites in their hideouts. All traces of termite tubes should be removed so that any fresh infestation, which might occur at a later date may be easily detected.

    For the existing buildings, soil treatment along the external perimeter is recommended and should be done as follows

  • Treatment of External perimeter / along outside of foundations: The soil in contact with the external wall of the building should be treated with TERMEX 350 SC (0.075% a.i.) solution @ 7.5 L / m2 of vertical surface of the sub-structure to depth of 30 cm.

    To facilitate this treatment, a shallow channel can be excavated along and close to the wall and treated @ 1.75 L / running meter of the channel. Rodding with 12 mm diameter mild steel rods at 15 cm interval to a depth of 30 cm can be done in the channel if necessary for uniform dispersal of the chemical. The balance 0.5 L / running meter should then be used to treat the backfill earth as it is returned to the channel directing the spray toward the wall surface. If there is a concrete or masonry apron around the building, approximately 12 mm diameter holes should be drilled as close as possible to the plinth wall 30 cm apart, deep enough to reach the soil below, and TERMEX 350 SC solution pumped into these holes to soak the soil below at the rate of 2.25 L / linear meter.

  • To prevent entry of termites from cracks: The soil under the floor should be treated. Drill 12 mm holes at 30 cm interval at the junction of floor and wall up to the depth of 30 cm. Squirt TERMEX 350 SC (0.075% a.i.) solution into these holes using a hand operated pressure pump until refusal or to a maximum of 1 L per hole. The holes are sealed after the treatment.

  • Restricting the movement of termites through masonry walls: This is done by drilling 12 mm holes at 30 cm interval in masonry wall at plinth level at about 450 angle on both the sides of the wall and squirting TERMEX 350 SC solution in holes till refusal and then sealing the holes. This treatment can also be extended to internal walls having foundations in the soil.

Soil is the main source for termite attack in any portion of the building. Hence the method recommended under post-construction treatment would help prevent termite attack in upper floors as well.

No, in most cases treatment is carried out on the full exterior or where infestation is located. But in some cases it may be necessary to drill an area of floor where termites are identified to stop the damage immediately.

Termite mound is destroyed by pouring 0.075% solution of TERMEX 350 SC into the mounds at several places after breaking open the structure. To facilitate good penetration, make holes using crowbars. The quantity to be used will depend upon the size of the mound. For a mound volume of about 1 m3, 4 L of the termiticide solution may be used.

  • For spraying - a suitable hand operated compressed air sprayer is recommended. On large jobs, a power sprayer may be used to save labour and time.

  • For treating floors and bottom of the foundation pits - flower water can may be used.

  • Method of treatment: Basically termiticides are used to prevent entry of termites into a structure. An ideal termiticide treatment contains a continuous barrier placed underneath and around a structure and this continuous uniform barrier will not necessitate re-treatment for years.

  • Rate of application :- TERMEX 350 SC should be applied at the concentration and volumes recommended as per the product label when making pre-construction and post-construction treatments. Soil can soak up termiticide only at a given rate and this can not be altered. Dry soil soaks faster than moist soil, sand soaks faster than clay, loose sand soaks faster than packed sand. Certain soils soak well for a while, then swell and much more time is required for continuous soaking.

    What ever might be the type of soil, it is essential that the recommended concentration of active ingredient be applied by amending the volume of water used for dilution.

  • Preventing run-offs: Applying termiticide at a faster rate than the soil can absorb should be avoided, as it results in random run-off of termiticide and creates a poor barrier. TERMEX 350 SC should never be placed into soil that is water saturated or while precipitation is occurring. In the event of waterlogging of foundation, the water should be pumped out and the chemical applied when the soil is absorbent.

  • Complete ground cover without gaps should be achieved for effective 100% control. Trenching is required for all applications not made through concrete and rodding holes through a trench must be spaced in the 10 to 15 cm range so that treated soil columns will connect with each other.

  • Holes drilled through cement must not be greater than 30 cm apart and the termiticide should be injected at no faster than 4.5 L per minute for most soils. All holes made during the termiticide treatment must be plugged with non-cellulose plugs or covered by an impervious material such as concrete patch.

  • The penetration of termiticides and water do not occur to the same depth in the soil. If a trench is dug 15 cm deep by 15 cm wide and is filled full with termiticide, most of the termiticide will be nearer the surface and probably very little of it will penetrate 60 cm down even if the water penetrates down 60 cm. Termiticides attach quickly to soil and if sampled deeper, less termiticide will be detected. This is why soil rods are used to establish barriers deeper than about 15 cm.

  • If termites are detected near the building, do not disturb them. It is imperative that the termite infestation is treated without disturbing the source. When termite nests are disturbed, they often abandon the associated area and move on secretly to another area and cause damage in other areas in the building.



In less permeable soils, the volume of water used for dilution is reduced while maintaining the recommended dose of the active ingredient (a.i.) per unit area. For e.g. instead of the recommended a.i. concentration and volume of water i.e. 10.5 ml of the formulated product / 5 L of water / m2, apply 10.5 ml / 2.5 L of water / m

  • Survey carried out in different countries have indicated that termiticides with Imidacloprid as the active ingredient (a.i.) showed almost 4-fold reduction in retreats compared to all other products used previously and was found to be active at least for 10 years under the testing conditions laid out by USDA/FS in a study which is still continuing.

  • Termiticide re-treatment should be carried out only if there is clear evidence of possible termite activity. Swarms of winged reproductives flying from the soil or wood are the first indication of termite infestation in a building. Other termite infestation indicators are pencil-wide mud foraging tubes on foundation walls, support piers, sill plates, floor joints, headers and sub-floors, damaged wood which is usually hollowed out or live termites in an active infestation.

  • Finally, no matter what product we use, the most common reason for retreats is not because termiticide has degraded - but might be because of the failure to ensure complete coverage of termite foraging / entry points. Even with product such as TERMEX 350 SC, which has shown "Lateral Soil Movement", termites can emerge from holes not bigger than pinheads at the soil surface if the treatment is not carried out as per the recommendation.

  • Preventive termite treatment with TERMEX 350 SC in the termite infestation prone areas at the outset may have additional residual benefits. If the original points of entry are denied and the above ground infestation is eliminated, the rest of the termite population may not return and infest for years.

  • Study of actual use conditions, has indicated that Imidacloprid, the active ingredient, remained active throughout a 10 year period following the initial treatment under varied technical skills of application, climatic conditions, soil compositions and building construction types.

  • Availability of the active ingredient seems dependent on the material to which it was applied. Studies have shown that Imidacloprid is much more available to the termites when applied to soil as opposed to wood or paper.

  • Termites exposed to residual concentrations of Imidacloprid (even as low as 1.0 ppm) in the soil over a 5-year period study displayed significantly reduced activity.

  • Apart from "Lateral Soil Movement", colony contamination by the active ingredient appears to be by termites, which come into contact with the material and are able to pick up a dose of the chemical and distribute it to other colony members.

  • Soil pH, moisture, temperature and pesticide concentrations are the most important factors affecting the persistence of termiticides in the soil.

  • The soil pH is known to have a major impact on performance of termiticides because it affects how rapidly a compound degrades. Most soils have pH values between 4 and 8. In general, termiticides used today persist longer in acidic soil than in alkaline soil.

  • Laboratory studies have indicated that Imidacloprid at termiticidal application rates degraded at much slower rates under constant temperature of 250 C and soil moisture had no effect on the degradation of imidacloprid.

  • Degradation of TERMEX 350 SC is more rapid in soils with ground cover compared to bare soil. However, analysis of database of real-world situation of Imidacloprid as termiticide used to protect the buildings has indicated that long-term residual activity was more persistent in covered areas than in exposed areas of the buildings.

  • The active ingredient, Imidacloprid is moderately soluble in water, is moderately adsorbed by soil and has a moderate to long half-life in soil.

  • Do not carry out termite treatment when it is raining.

  • Application near and around wells and cisterns should be avoided. If possible, all pipes coming from the well into the structure should be exposed before the termiticide application begins. The treated backfill method must be used, which is done as follows: Trench and remove soil to be treated onto heavy plastic sheeting or similar material or into a wheelbarrow. Treat the soil at the concentration of 0.075% a.i. @ 7.5 L / m2 of the vertical surface of the trench. Mix thoroughly into the soil taking care to contain the runoff or spillage. After the treated soil has absorbed the solution, replace the soil into the trench.

  • Never plant edible plants in the termite treated zones.

  • Care should be taken to avoid exposing wildlife to direct applications of Imidacloprid.

  • Imidacloprid is considered highly toxic to bees and should not be applied to vegetation when bees are foraging.

  • While only slightly toxic to fish, Imidacloprid is highly toxic to aquatic invertebrates. Extreme care should be taken to avoid run-off and possible adverse effects to aquatic invertebrates.

  • As with any pesticides, products containing Imidacloprid should be used according to label directions and should be kept out of streams, lakes and other aquatic habitats of concern.

  • Keep out of reach of children.

  • Store in original labeled container/s in a cool, well ventilated premises away from space meant for storing articles such as food, feed etc. The containers should be kept securely closed.

  • Do not store for prolonged periods in direct sunlight.

Having an understanding of the toxicity of the product and the potential for personal exposure allows risk to be lowered. However toxic a termiticide is, following all the mandatory safety precautions can minimize risk.

Observe all mandatory safety precautions of handling termiticide such as

  • Applicators should use long-sleeved shirt, long pants, washable hat, elbow length clean rubber gloves, facemask, protective eyewear, socks and shoes.

  • Store in original labeled container/s in a cool, well ventilated premises away from space meant for storing articles such as food, feed etc. The containers should be kept securely closed.

  • Avoid mixing the chemical with bare hands.

  • Avoid inhaling spray mist.

  • If clothes get contaminated with the product or wet with spray, remove clothes immediately.

  • Wash hands and exposed parts of the body after completion of work.

  • After each day's use, wash gloves and work clothing.

  • Avoid eating, drinking and smoking while handling pesticides.

  • Do not contaminate food, seeds and grain meant for human and animal consumption.

  • Triple or preferably pressure rinse containers before disposal. Add rinsings to spray tank.

  • Do not dispose off undiluted chemicals on site.

  • Break / crush / puncture and bury empty containers in a landfill or below 50 cm in a disposal pit.

  • High-dose exposures to humans are not expected, given the application method of termite treatment.

  • Insecticide poisoning symptoms are often similar to flu symptoms such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, stomach cramps and diarrhoea.

  • Clinical symptoms following an acute exposure to a high-dose of Imidacloprid might include fatigue, twitching, cramps, and muscle weakness including the muscles necessary for breathing.

  • Eye - If splashed in the eyes, wash immediately with plenty of running water for 15 minutes. Contact a physician if problem persists.

  • Dermal / skin contact - Wash the exposed area thoroughly with clean warm water and soap. Change contaminated work clothes immediately. Get medical attention if irritation persists.

  • Inhaled - If inhaled, remove victim to fresh air or uncontaminated area. Artificial respiration is recommended.

  • Ingestion - If swallowed, induce vomiting. Do not give anything by mouth or attempt to induce vomiting if the person is unconscious. Measure blood pressure and pulse rate frequently. Since bradycardia and drop in blood pressure may occur, artificial breathing and heart action are recommended.

Treat symptomatically. While seeking medical attention, take the insecticide container or the label to the physician.


It is a new generation Synthetic Pyrethroid insecticides that contains Lambda Cyhalothirn 10% WP. Sentry is recommended for public health & household use only and should not used in any food crop. It is a broad-spectrum insecticide for use as a residual spray against adult vector mosquito of public health importance and for control of Mosquitoes, Houseflies and cockroaches in the household.

 

Brochure


Sentry 10 WP is a New Generation Synthetic Pyrethroid Insecticide that contains Lambda Cyhalothrin as an active ingredient. It is a wettable powder containing 100 gms of the active ingredient in 1000 gms of the formulation. Lambda Cyhalothrin 10% WP has been recommended and approved for usage as a Residual Insecticide against common disease vectors by World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES). It is an ideal insecticide for Public Health Programmes. It is indigenously developed, manufactured and marketed by Rallis India Limited.

  1. Sentry kills all species of adult Mosquitoes, House flies, cockroaches & other crawling insects

  2. Sentry kills mosquitoes by contact as well as repellent action

  3. Sentry exerts long-term residual action up to 2-3 months & hence lesser number of sprays required.

  4. Sentry does not stain treated walls & does not have odour.

  5. Effective against strains of anopheles resistant to conventional chemicals and ideal for Malaria Containment Programs in India

Anopheles causes Malaria. Aedes aegypti transmits Dengue & Haemorrhagic fever (DHF). Culex mosquitoes transmit Lymphatic Filariasis and Japanese Encephalitis. Sentry controls all types of disease causing vectors like Anopheles, Aeded & Culex. It also controls Cockroaches, Houseflies and other common crawling insects in Household.

It is very effective against Mosquitoes, which have developed resistance against conventional insectisides. It is one of the leading insecticides which is widely used in Malaria Containment Programmes & control of other common disease causing vectors as per the doses given below.

Target Pests

Lambda Cyhalothrin a.i./area

Quantity of Sentry 10 WP formulation per litre of water

Spray solution per unit area

Anopheles species

Culex species

Aedes species

25 mg/sq.m

12.5 gm

20 ml/m2

Recommendation for 500 sq.metre area

Target Pests

Lambda Cyhalothrin a.i./500 m

Quantity of Sentry 10 WP formulation per 500 sq.m

Spray solution per 500 sq.m area

Anopheles species

Culex species

Aedes species

12.5 gm

12.5 gm

10 ltr

It is used as an Indoor Residual Spray where Eradication of Mosquitoes and other crawling insects is difficult in premises like Cinema Halls, Warehouses, Shops etc. The doses to be used are as under

Target Pests

Lambda Cyhalothrin a.i./area

Quantity of Sentry 10 WP formulation per litre of water

Spray solution per unit area

Interior

20 ml/sq.m

Housefly

10 mg/sq.m

5 gm

Cockroach & other crawling Insects

10 mg/sq.m

5 gm

Mosquitoes

25 mg/sq.m

12.5 gm

  1. Spray suspension to be prepared based on the target insect.

  2. Conventional hand-operated compression sprayer/stirrup pump commonly used in Malaria Containment Program. A FLATFAN (Aspee-80800) nozzle with 80 swath & a discharge rate of 800ml/min to be used.

  3. Required quantity of Sentry in the sprayer tank to be taken & the required quantity of water to be added. Solution to be stirred for 5 mins with the help of a stick to form uniform suspension.

  4. Sprayer at 40-psi pressure & spraying should be done on walls & junctions of wall and flooring.

  5. Spraying to be done on walls in vertical swath of 75 cm width. Swath should overlap by 5 cm from roof to floor using a downward motion, to complete one swath sideways and upwards from floor to roof to be done.

  6. To ensure correct swath width, Spray tip to be kept above 45 cm from the wall

  7. Forward movement while spraying from top of the wall & backward movement while nozzle is brought downwards.

  8. The procedure to be continued moving in a clockwise direction until the room is completed

  9. Spray speed to cover obe meter every 2.5 sec, i.e., 5 sec for a 2m high wall.

  10. Treatment to be repeated after an interval of 4-6 months.

  1. For spray, use very low volume discharge pump - like a mist blower. The spray nozzle should be such that it should be able to cover an area of One-Square metre with 20ml of suspension Sentry.

  2. During application inside the houses remove all items like water, food and feed, utensils, and toys from the house. Furniture and other items that cannot be moved should be covered. Occupants should leave the house before spraying. Rooms occupied by sick people who cannot be moved must NOT be sprayed.

  3. Avoid contact with skin, eyes & mouth and use protective clothes, facemask and gloves at the time of spray.

  4. Should not be sprayed in space and should be used for spray only on the walls & ceilings as indoor residual insecticide.

  5. Do not spray with empty stomach.

  6. Avoid smoking, drinking, chewing 8 eating during spray operations.

  7. Avoid the chemical from the reach of children & pets.

  8. Sentry should be stored in a separate room or premise away from the rooms or premises used for storing other articles.

  9. Avoid inhalation of the spray mist. Spray in the direction of wind.

R&D Interacts


SENTRY 10 WP is a new generation insecticide formulation, recommended for public health management against many insects that are vectors of human diseases. SENTRY 10 WP is indigenously developed, manufactured and marketed by Rallis India Limited.

The active ingredient (a.i.) in SENTRY 10 WP is Lambda-cyhalothrin, a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide. SENTRY 10 WP is a wettable powder formulation containing 10 g of the active ingredient in 100 g of the formulation. The product is packed in water-soluble sachets and is available in convenient pack sizes to suit different application sites.

SENTRY 10 WP is a public health insecticide to control insects such as cockroaches, mosquitoes, ticks and flies, which may act as disease vectors.

Basically termite treatment is needed in four areas during construction

  • SENTRY 10 WP has strong contact and stomach action and has repellent properties.

  • SENTRY 10 WP gives rapid knockdown of pests that come in contact with the treated surface.

  • SENTRY 10 WP disrupts the normal functioning of the nervous system in insects and causes paralysis or death.

  • It has long residual activity.

Chemical name

Synthetic Pyrethroid Insecticide

Chemical family(IUPAC)

(S)- -cyano-3-=phenoxybenzyl (Z)- (1R,3R)
-3-(2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropenyl)-2,2-= dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate and (R)- -cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl(Z)-1S,3S)- 3-(2-=chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropenyl)-2,2- dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate.

Chemical structure

Appearance

White or beige crystalline powder

Molecular formula

C23H19ClF33

Molecular weight

449.9

Melting point

49.20 C (tech. 47.5 - 48.50 C)

Vapor pressure

200 nPa (200 C)

Solubility

0.005 mg/L (in purified water; pH 6.5)

0.004 mg/L (in buffered water; pH 5.0)

n-octonol / water partition coefficient(Kow)

log P = 7 (200 C)

Stability

Stable under standard conditions / to light

Storage stability

Stable to light.

Stable on storage for more than 6 months at 15 - 250 C.

SENTRY 10 WP is a new generation insecticide formulation, recommended for public health management against many insects that are vectors of human diseases. SENTRY 10 WP is indigenously developed, manufactured and marketed by Rallis India Limited.

Parameters

Technical(Lambda-cyhalothrin)

Remarks

Acute oral LD50 - Rats

79 (males);

56 (females) mg/kg

Moderate acute toxicity in rats, but mice are more susceptible.

Acute oral

LD50 - Mice

19 (males);

31 (females) mg/kg

Acute Dermal

LD50 - Rat

632 (males);

696 (females) mg/kg

Less toxic by the dermal route

Acute inhalation

LC50 (4 h) - rat

0.06 mg/L

air (total particulate)

Moderately toxic by inhalation. However, exposure potential is by inhalation of fine dust or mist, which can be prevented by suitable personal protection equipment.

Mucous membrane irritation - Rabbits

Mild eye irritant

Safe to the handler; might cause mild eye irritation

Skin irritation - Rabbits

Non-irritant

Skin sensitization - Guinea pigs

Not a skin sensitizer

Mutagenicity

& Genotoxic testing

Non-mutagenic and non- genotoxic as indicated by battery of mutagenic tests

Carcinogenicity testing

Not a carcinogen

NOEL (1 y) - dogs

0.5 mg/kg daily

No changes observed at this dose level ingested daily for one year

Toxicity class

WHO, EPA - class II

Moderately hazardous

Indian Registration category

Yellow triangle

Moderately toxic

Parameters

Technical

(Lambda-cyhalothrin)

Remarks

Acute oral LD50 - Birds

>3950 mg/kg (Mallard ducks)

Toxicity to birds ranges from slightly toxic to practically non-toxic. No accumulation of residues in eggs or tissues

Dietary LC50 - Birds

3,948 ppm (Mallard ducks)

>500 ppm (Bobwhite quail)

Dietary LC50 - Quail

> 5000 mg/kg

LC50 - Fish

0.21 µg/L (Bluegill sunfish)

0.24 µg/L (Rainbow trout)

Highly toxic to many fish and aquatic organisms

EC50 (48h) - Daphnia

0.36 µg/L

LD50 (oral) - Bees

38 ng/bee

Though toxic to bees, the concentration at which it is used coupled with repellent action of the formulation precludes inadvertent toxicity to bees.

LD50 (contact) - Bees

909 ng/bee

Biota / Medium

E-fate and Behaviour

Animals

Rapidly eliminated in urine and faeces.

Plants

Degrades at a moderate rate (half-life up to 40 days) and the major constituent of the residue on plants is usually the parent compound, with lower levels of metabolites.

Water

Extremely low water solubility and is tightly bound to soil, hence not expected to be prevalent in surface waters. Stable to hydrolysis at pH 5, hydrolysis very slowly at pH 7 and rapidly at pH 9. There is little potential for groundwater contamination.

Soil

Moderately persistent in the soil. Reported field half-life range from 4 to 12 weeks, probably close to 30 days in most soils. Not expected to be appreciably mobile in most soils. Breakdown products formed in the soil environment are similar to those formed in mammalian systems. Leaching of parent compound and its degradation products through a range of soil types is negligible.

  • SENTRY 10 WP has no odour and does not stain the treated surface.

  • SENTRY 10 WP is effective at low doses.

  • It can be conveniently mixed in water and used.

Type

Target pest

Active ingredient (mg/m2)

Dosage of SENTRY 10 WP

Quantity of 10 WP (g/L)

Volume of suspension prepared with 62.5 g sachet (L)

Wall area covered with 62.5 g 10 WP (m2)

Interior residual sprays

Adult vector mosquito

P

12.5

5

250

Cockroaches

10

5.0

12.5

625

Housefly

10

5.0

12.5

625

Exterior

All types of nuisance insects

20

10.0

6.25

312.5

  • Depending on the target insect to be controlled, the quantity of spray suspension to be prepared is decided.

  • Take the required quantity of water in the sprayer tank.

  • Cut open the outer packet of SENTRY 10 WP.

  • Pull out the inner water-soluble sachet and drop it inside the tank.

  • Close the lid of the sprayer and shake well several times. Now, the solution is ready for spray.

  • Use conventional hand-operated compression sprayer or stirrup pump commonly used in malaria containment programme by Public Health Agencies.

  • Use a FLATFAN (Aspee 80800) nozzle with 800 swath and a discharge rate of 800 ml per minute.

  • Operate the sprayer at 40 psi pressure.

  • As SENTRY 10 WP has contact action, it is imperative to achieve good coverage of the target area and the pest.

  • Spraying should be done on walls and junctions of wall and flooring. On walls spraying should be done in vertical swaths of 75 cm wide. Swaths should overlap by 5 cm. Spray from roof to floor using a downward motion to complete one swath. Step sideways and spray upward from floor to roof.

  • Repeat treatment at 3 -4 month interval.

  • Remove all items like water, food and feed, utensils, and toys from the house.

  • Furniture and other items that cannot be moved should be covered.

  • Occupants should leave the house before spraying.

  • Rooms occupied by sick people who cannot be moved must NOT be sprayed.

  • Cage the birds and move the domestic animals away from the house.

  • Check the spray equipment for leakage and ensure proper pressure buildup.

  • Avoid contact with mouth, eyes and skin.

  • Avoid inhalation of the spray mist.

  • Wash thoroughly the contaminated clothes and parts of the body after spraying

  • Do not smoke, drink, eat and chew anything while spraying.

  • Wear full protection clothing while mixing and spraying.

  • Advise the householder to sweep or mop the floor before people are allowed to re-enter.

  • Instruct the house owner NOT to clean the sprayed walls.

Occupational exposure to the active ingredient is expected to be predominantly via the dermal and inhalation route.

  • Read the product label for precautions to be followed and recommended dosage.

  • Do not smell the contents in the packing after opening.

  • SENTRY 10 WP may cause skin irritation in exposed body parts. Wearing of long sleeved shirt, long pants, protective gloves and facemask is recommended.

  • Wash hands and exposed skin thoroughly with soap and water after handling the containers, mixing, application, etc.

  • Keep out of reach of children and domestic animals.

  • Store the insecticide in its original container in a well-built, well-ventilated, dry storage area to avoid contamination with vapours.

  • Empty any product remaining in damaged or leaking containers into a clean empty drum and affix the correct label.

  • Do not store food, beverages or tobacco products in the same storage area.

  • Avoid eating, drinking, tobacco use, etc. in areas where there is a potential for exposure to the material.

  • It shall be the duty of the Pest Control Operators (PCOs) to dispose off packages, surplus materials and washings from the machine and container/s in a safe manner so as to prevent environment and water pollution.

  • Never pour untreated waste or surplus material into public sewers or where there is any danger of run-off or seepage into streams, fields, wells springs, ponds, etc.

  • Waste containing SENTRY 10 WP should be burnt in a suitable high-temperature incinerator fitted with a high-efficiency gas scrubbing system.

  • Where no incinerator is available, contaminated absorbents or surplus products should be decomposed by hydrolysis using a suitable hydrolysing agent such as caustic soda / sodium carbonate at pH 12 or above. Complete contact with a suitable hydrolyzing agent is essential to ensure degradation of the a.i. to a safe concentration.

  • Spillage: Absorb spillage with lime powder, damp sawdust, sand, or earth. Cover the spillage with a hydrolysing agent and leave to stand for 7 days. Before disposal of the resultant waste, the material must be analyzed to ensure that the a.i. has been degraded to a safe level.

  • Decontaminate empty, damaged or leaking containers with a 10% sodium carbonate solution added at the rate of at least 1 L per 20 L drum.

With good work practices, hygiene measures, and safety precautions, SENTRY 10 WP is unlikely to present occupational exposure hazard. There are no indications that Lambda-cyhalothrin used under the present application rates will have any adverse effects on human beings. However, accidental exposure can be harmful if inhaled or swallowed.

  • The symptoms of poisoning could be nervousness, anxiety, tremor, convulsions, skin allergies, sneezing, runny nose and irritation.

  • Skin contact can cause skin irritation, temporary itching, tingling, burning or numbness of exposed area.

    However, this effect is transient, lasting up to 24 hours and there is no evidence of any long term or cumulative effects.

  • Ingestion may produce symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, allergic manifestations, etc. If larger doses are ingested, it may cause disturbances of the nervous system with tremors, ataxia, weakness of limbs, convulsions, coma and death from respiratory depression.

Ingestion - if the patient has swallowed the chemical, seek medical attention immediately. The person should not be made to vomit (aspiration into lungs can lead to chemical pneumonitis) and do not give any liquid to the person.

Dermal / skin contact - wash the exposed area thoroughly with clean water and soap for 15 - 20 minutes and change contaminated work clothes immediately.

Inhaled - if inhaled, move person to fresh air and seek medical help. Artificial respiration is recommended.

Eye - if splashed in the eye, rinse slowly and gently with clean water for about 15 - 20 minutes.

Always the bottle and the attached label should be made available to the Medial Doctor for taking up the necessary recourse of treatment.

There is no specific antidote if the product is ingested. Treat symptomatically including cases of skin contact paresthesia effect (itching, tingling, burning or numbness). In case of convulsions, diazepam is recommended. Antihistamines may be given to control allergies.


HIPPO is a house hold insecticide that contains Fipronil 0.05 % as the active Ingredient. It is a house hold insecticide recommended for the control of American cockroach (Periplameta Americana) and German cockroach (Blattellagermanica).

Packs: 30 Gms.

Brochure


Fipronil is Active via the blockage of gamma aminobutyric acid regulated chloride channel in the Insect nervous system.

Hippo comes in the form of Syringe Gun and dispenses 0.03 gms of Fipronil gel at every shot, 3 to 4 spots per Sq.mt is recommended for Good control.

Keep away from food stuff. Do not smoke, eat or drink while using. Wash off contaminated body / Clothes after use and before eating/drinking.